“Oneness amongst men, the advancement of unity in diversity – this has been the core religion of India.” – Rabindranath Tagore
“Oneness amongst men, the advancement of unity in diversity – this has been the core religion of India.” – Rabindranath Tagore
In India, the game of cricket is considered almost a religion! After an underdog India clinched the World Cup trophy in 1983, this nation has been ruling over this sport since then, in performance and popularity. It is extremely tough to choose any 10 among the hundreds of epic batting innings India have produced ever. Still, I have attempted here to present such a list containing Indian cricketers who represented the national team post-2000 (and some, before that too).
As the dimensions of the cricket ground at the Captain Roop Singh stadium was lower than the natural Indian standards, fans thought Virender Sehwag, the demolishing Indian opener would love to hit a big score here, but it was Little Master, Sachin Tendulkar, who utilized the condition, and went on to score the first ever double century in international limited over format. The scoreboard read 200 not out off 147 balls for Sachin, while India posted a steep target of 402, leading to a big win over South Africa.
After losing two group matches against South Africa and Zimbabwe, India were desperate to win some to qualify for the next round of 1999 World Cup. The opportunity came in the very next match versus Sri Lanka, where the skipper Sourav Ganguly built a record 318 run partnership with Rahul Dravid, with himself scoring a blinder 183 off 158 balls. India won the match by 157 runs, secured their hope of qualification and eventually went on the play final against Australia.
Virender Sehwag’s 309 in Multan test set the notion of a batsman-dominated India-Pakistan Test series in 2004, but Pakistan came back strong and leveled the series 1-1 with the decider left at Rawalpindi. Rahul Dravid, the no. 3 batsman came to the pitch at the very second ball of the innings, and stayed for 740 long minutes to help India reach 593 before his fall as the 9th wicket. He had no problem in smashing the Pak bowlers to score 270 odd runs with 34 boundaries and 1 six. India won the match with an innings and 131 runs to take the trophy home.
It was an India-New Zealand one day match which was bullied by a storm, to be honest, two storms – one, which reduced the overs, and one who stunned the opposition with his power-hitting. Batting first, New Zealand put on 270 off 47 overs, but as rain was hitting frequently, the concerns raised about a hike in the required run rate which India had to chase, due to reduction in overs as per the Duckworth-Lewis rule. Openers Virender Sehwag and Gautam Gambhir decided to get as much big score as possible until the game is halted by another spell of shower, and the former took the charge, scoring a century off just 60 balls, ending at 125 not out of 74 balls, with 14 fours and 6 sixes. India was at 201/0 in just 23.3 overs, when the game had to be stopped permanently for the day, but as India was ahead of D/L par of 83 runs, they were decided the winner.
India was chasing a mere 216 in the 4th innings, but it’s always hard to score runs in the final innings on a pacer-friendly Mohali wicket. India was tottering at 124/8 one stage, with only VVS remaining at the crease as a specialist batsman. As always, a second innings Laxman had been dangerous for the Aussies, here too he started building a partnership with tail-ender Ishant Sharma. Both kept on rotating singles, and put a partnership of 81 runs off just 130 balls. As Ishant fell for 31 with 11 runs remaining for the victory with last wicket in hand, ‘Very Very Special’ Laxman was facing 4-5 deliveries each over and allowing an inexperienced Pragyan Ojha to face the remaining, so that he can get the strike back next over. Ojha almost created a chance of run out, but Laxman kept his cool and went on the score the winning runs. His unbeaten 73 runs were most crucial in this hard-fought victory.
No one can forget this onslaught by an angry young Punjabi, Yuvraj Singh, on a young Briton pacer, Stuart Broad, who came to bowl after a heated conversation between Yuvi and Andrew Flintoff. A fierce Yuvraj kept on swinging the bat for all the next six balls, and recorded the only ‘6 sixes in an over’ in T20 international cricket! He scored 58 runs in just 14 balls, taking India to 218/4 in 20 overs, before winning the World Cup Group Stage game by 18 runs.
On way of India’s limp to the No. 1 ranking in Test cricket under MS Dhoni’s captaincy, the second Test between India and New Zealand was one of the very significant games, that proved why India deserved that position. Following on with a 314-run trail on head in the second innings, India had no option but to somehow bat through two full days continuously to save the Test. The Delhi left-hander led the troops with scoring a patient, resilient 137 runs off 436 deliveries! Charge of good Kiwi pace bowling display could not dismantle his defense till the final session of the Test match. Later, Laxman and Yuvraj made it sure that India draw this Test.
It was the India-Sri lanka-West Indies tri-nation series final match between India and Sri Lanka, where the bowlers from both the teams were feeling the charm of heaven. Sri lanka were all out for 201, but India could not take advantage of such a low target, and faltered to 182/9 at one stage. Indian skipper MS Dhoni managed to take the game to the last over, in partnership with Ishant Sharma, but the target was 15 runs from it. Dhoni missed to hit the first delivery, but then hit a big six, followed by a four and finally another long six to finish the game for India! It was one the Dhoni’s best finishes ever in One Dayers.
It was another epic India-Pakistan game in the 2012 Asia Cup league stage, where Virat Kohli stole the limelight away, announcing the entry of a new, modified, beast run-machine, who would later carry on Indian batting just like what Sachin Tendulkar had done till 2013. India was 0/1 chasing a high target of 330 against the arch-rivals, when Virat came and played flamboyant shots all around the ground. Pak bowlers could not find an answer to his aggression, and Kohli took advantage of their nervous display to score a tremendous knock of 183 unbeaten in 148 balls, helping his team chase the target successfully with 13 balls to spare.
MS Dhoni was suspended due to slow over rate in previous games, so Virat Kohli led Indian team at Eden Gardens, against a young Sri Lankan team. Before this match, who knew that this Mumbaikar opener would break multiple batting records in this very match? Rohit ‘Hitman’ Sharma started slow, scored 50 in 72 balls, then raised his speed to reach the hundred in 100 balls. Then followed massive destruction of the Lankan bowlers by Rohit’s bat, while he scored next 100 runs in just 50 balls, to reach an ODI double hundred second time as the only batsman in the world! He did not stop there, carried on humiliating the opponents, and reached world record 264 runs, with 33 fours and 9 sixes aside his name. The whole Sri Lanka could manage just 251 runs in reply, and as Twitterattis explained – ‘Sri Lanka lost to Rohit Sharma by 13 runs!’
‘Local Guides’ is a program hosted by Google, which invites its users to help them make the map better, by asking them to review, add photo, answer questions regarding any location in the NASA satellite-aided map. Even one can add places, rectify incorrect information and can claim his/her business placed in the map.
After Google launched this feature in public, it got a huge response from all over the world, and different people from different cities went on to contribute their known locations to improve the world map provided by Google. Local Guides from a same region regularly arranged meetups to discuss about it. India was not unaware of it, although initially, it got not much response. The interest of public over it took new heights after a doctor from Serampore, Hooghly, West Bengal, got chance to represent India at the prestigious annual Local Guides Summit arranged by Google at its headquarters at San Fransisco, California, United States of America.
Today, we will listen to his story, and would of course gain some motivation from the hard work he did to attain success. Before that, we must introduce this young, vivacious man to our readers. His name is Shaunak Das, or we should say, Dr. Shaunak Das, a doctor who is currently associated with a private company at Salt Lake, Kolkata. Dr. Das had been invited by Google to visit their annual summit which took place from 12th to 15th September, 2016, after a tough selection process involving numerous other Local Guides.
Here is what he said about this journey in his own words:-
I started keeping my eyes on this initiative from 2000, when there was no Google Maps, but Panoramio, which used the NASA copyrighted satellite images to locate the positions. I was eager to know if I can locate my position in it too, so that the world can find me. I was an active user in Panoramio during 2002-2003, and I regularly contributed for them. In 2005, Google started its mapping service called the ‘Google Maps’, for which they had to tie up with NASA, since Google had no own satellites. At that time, the maps were very ordinary, we could mark the roads, meadows and the water bodies through the Polygon.
I was doing it actively, meanwhile I was busy studying the BHMS course (Dr. Shaunak Das is a doctor). Unfortunately, some group of hackers attacked Google Maps, and damaged this Polygon system, forcing Google to disable this feature completely. Following this incident, the current Local Guides feature evolved out.
It’s a Samsung Galaxy S4 smartphone, which I brought from the Rhode Island, U.S.A. I downloaded ‘Google Street View’ app from the Play Store, which has a feature of 360 degree camera, which allows one to capture the 360 degree image of a place. Earlier, Google did not allow users other than USA residents to access this feature on this app, but I was surprised to see that I could access it even in India. Later I asked Google, they said since I brought this phone from USA, and its address is registered there, I’d have no problem using it. It was very advantageous to me, and I started roaming around the city and capture 360 degree images. Other photographers also asked me how to capture these images. I think, I was the only 360 degree photographer in India that time, and this feature appeared as an X-factor, while Google selected me for their LG Summit among thousands of applicants.
Photo Credit:- Google Local Guides
Yes, it was a tricky form actually. We were completely unaware of the fields of this form, and maximum people put their name as ‘XYZ’ to proceed to next pages to know what Google actually wanted from the applicants, but in this process, they could not proceed further. Google said we’d need 20-25 minutes to fill the complete form, but in reality, it took around 1 hour. On one Sunday, I sat to do it, and I was puzzled instantly. After asking about country, Visa information, they asked what had I done as a local guide, and what have I done for my regional forum of Google Guides.
This Local Guides program is not very popular in Bengal, and we had a small forum called ‘West Bengal Local Guides Community’ created by Amitesh Gayen, our fellow Local Guide. I had to provide information about a Local Guide meetup we organized last year at Eco Park, and how a hospital in Uttarpara helped me in this activity. And finally came the hardest demand ever – they asked me to send a 1-minute video explaining why I want to visit the summit.
I asked my fellow Local Guides to help me shooting this video, but unfortunately majority of them refused to do so because they could not find any personal benefit from it. I did not rely on professional videographers too because they would edit the video themselves and I may not be satisfied with it. So finally I took my selfie stick bought from the Niagra falls, and went to Millennium Park and recorded my words with Howrah Bridge at the backdrop on my own, while people almost considered me a half-mad watching me talk alone like that. Thereafter I used Camtesia software to edit it into a 1-minute time frame, before uploading it in Youtube to send Google its link.
Google received almost 1000 such applications, among which only 75 Local Guides were invited for the summit. I came to know that I got a place in the list when Google announced the results on 20th May 2016.
On the first day there (12th October), we had a reception party. We were staying at Hyatt, where Google booked 100 rooms for 75 of us and 25 Google employees. The next day, we visited the Google headquarters at Mountain View, Silicon Valley, where we had a private meeting regarding some of their internal issues. We boarded a special bus there, which could kneel down to ground level while exchanging passengers. There, the 75 guides were divided into 7 teams, and I got place in Team Yellow. The vice president of Google Geo, Jen Fitzpatrick gave a welcome speech to us, and mentioned the top 5 Local Guides who helped improvement of Google Maps to a large extent. In that top 5, apart from me, there was a Malaysian girl who uploaded 640 GB photos to the map, and another boy who showcased the physically disabled people on his video. A man from Nigeria also featured in that list who helped in the Google Local Business.
Photo Credit:- Google Local Guides
Then they showed which Guide had to travel the most to reach there. A guy from the Reunion Island (French colony in Africa) was declared as the one who had to travel the highest distance. I was second in that list, although I had to cover greater distance through a break journey. We were asked to click unlimited photos and post it with #LGSummit16, they’d show those on local TV, and the best photographs would get prize. Then, we had a grand lunch session at the large Google canteen, before heading to the Merchandise store. We as well visited the Android garden, where all the sculptures of the existing Android OS are kept (Cupcake to Marshmallow). The next day, we visited another local office of Google and then, a bowling game center.
Photo Credit:- Google Local Guides
That was the end of the Google tour, and 30 of the 75 of us visited the Alcatraz Island, which is quite similar to Cellular Jail at Port Blair, Andaman Islands. I met with the prison officer there, who was selling his autobiography to the visitors. Thereafter, I spent time with my relatives in U.S. and returned here on 18th October.
I wanted to get in acquaintance with as many as Local Guides from the world as I can. So, among all the 75 people who visited there, I have talked to at least 25 of them. I even calculated time to talk with each so that I could get enough time to talk to maximum number of people there. Meeting so many different people from different nations were the most special experience for me. Apart from that, getting into the Silicon Valley, which contains the headquarters of internet giants such as Google, Facebook, was also special.
Photo Credit:- Google Local Guides
It’s easy for anyone to get 500 points and reach Level 5 in this program, but as it has some positive sides like one can give instance of his contributions in job opportunity, it has some negative sides too. People in India are too much competitive, and in a country like ours with 120 Crore population, lacs of people are using smartphone. Google hosts this summit annually, and hardly have they selected 2-3 local guides from a country, so if one contributes in the Google Maps with the particular aim to reach U.S.A. Google headquarters somehow, then that’s not a great idea. You should not leave your studies and do this all the day, to reach there. The people I met there said that they did it just for fun, at their leisure time, they clicked photos and submitted to Google Maps. An Indian guy even scored 10,000 points, and there were reports about him that how he could attain that much, and finally he was not even selected for this summit. I would suggest junior Local Guides not to take this thing as a competition, instead just enjoy doing it.
Photo Credit:- Google Local Guides
Even I faced some bad experiences regarding this qualification process. When I got selected, my fellow Local Guides protested against my selection, and they even set up Facebook pages complaining against me. In a large country like India, if every top scorer from a state wants to go there, it’s totally absurd.
Do it as fun, and think about it from a completely different angle rather than setting an eye on the annual summit. If you add your home to the Google Maps, it’s your family who would get the advantages of it, maybe while returning at night from somewhere through private cabs which use Google Maps for navigation.
It’s the 70th Birthday of Indian Independence! We didn’t even realize that this much days are gone, did we? Then what had happened in the past that made us dependent and independent? Well, there is a deep, enthusiastic and heartening tale of this auspicious day. Then let’s go into the flashback, recall the names, remind those incidents and reverberate the slogans of our heroes again on this Independence day!
Once upon a time, European countries like Britain, France, Portugal were having a peaceful trading in our country. They tried to take control of India in various ways, but only British succeeded. It turned on their greediness as the ruling Mughal Emperor – Akbar died in the 17th century. The political instability rose and the British took advantage of it. Through the medium of war, they managed to snatch many regions, and then the whole nation.
Some of the massive Battles:
• Battle of Plassey, West Bengal (1757)
• Anglo-Mysore Conflict, Karnataka (1799)
• Maratha War, Maharashtra (1818)
• Anglo-Sikh War, Punjab (1849)
British governance had ill-effects on Farmers, Artisans, Adivasis, Fakirs and Soldiers. Due to exploitation, the discontent finally exploded in the form of 1857 mutiny, when Indian soldiers were given cartridges covering with grease of fats of cows and pigs, which was against our religion. The extremist Mangal Pandey shot the British officer, and the revolt began.
Well, the Britishers were smart enough as they implemented the ‘Divide & Rule’ technique to bisect the Hindu-Muslim bond. This led to the emergence of ‘Muslim League’ later in 1906.
Although Britishers were exploiting, they started Railways and other transport, mills, technology and most importantly – Western Education. Now, Indians took advantage of this and realized the necessity of revolution in the backwardness of Indian society.
The Beginning of Renaissance:
~ Women reform: Raja Ram Mohan Roy
~ Girls’ & Dalits’ school: Mahatma Phule
~ Caste discrimination reform: G.G Agarkar
~ Growth of Literature and Science:
Mahadev Ranade, Rabindranath Tagore, C.V.Raman – Nobel Prize winners
In 1885, Indian National Congress was established. It helped to create political awakening and cultivate patriotic values. The extremist leaders like Lokmanya Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai led the nation in an aggressive way. ‘Swarajya majha janmasidhha hakka ahe ani to me milavnarach!’ (Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it) were Lokmanya Tilak’s immense words. Through newspapers like Kesari and Maratha, the unity started to develop.
Showing the cause of inconvenience for administration, British decided to do the partition of Bengal state in 1905. The hidden evil purpose was to divide the Hindus and Muslims of Bengal. Citizens strongly opposed the decision through agitations. 16th October 1905 was considered the ‘National Mourning Day.’
Division of Viewpoints:
There were some leaders who had the opinion to deal the issue with peace while some had the fire bursting out in them. The division of leaders – ‘Moderates’ and ‘Extremists’ resulted in a new concern for unity.
After the death of Tilak, now the barrister from South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi was given the responsibility of freedom struggle to make it reach to the peak of Independence. Through the extreme new ideas and values of Non-violence and Satyagraha, he managed to reunite the people and re-pressurize the government.
British was never ready to be defeated. They passed ‘Rowlatt Act’ by which the government could arrest any Indian without inquiry. Gandhiji and other leaders were arrested to prevent the patriotic volcano eruption.
Jalianwala Baug Massacre, Amritsar (1919):
Public meetings and conferences were banned in Amritsar. In order to protest, a massive contribution was made by 400-500 people in Jallianwala Bagh. General Dyre was ordered to open fire the unarmed people, in which 400 people were killed and 100 got injured.
Non Co-operation Movement (Aug 1920):
There was no way now that could stop Indians from fighting for their motherland. All government places and things were boycotted. A peaceful procession at Chauri Choura in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh had been fired by British police. A tit for tat, protestants set the police station on fire.
Revolutionary Movement (1925):
Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and other revolutionary fighters planned to take out the treasure from a train in Kakori railway station for the funds for revolutionary work. Shouting the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ (Long live the revolution), they also conducted bomb blast in court and shot the men in red suit to protest against the unfair laws.
Dandi March (1930):
To oppose the unjust of taxation on the basic necessity like salt, Mahatma Gandhi along with 78 followers completed the journey of 385 km from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi in Gujarat.
Quit India Movement (1942):
England declared Indians as their army for 2nd World War. When asked for Independence in exchange for this, they clearly denied it. The situation started becoming more serious.
Gandhiji appealed to the people,
“Every one of you, from this moment onwards, consider yourself a free man or woman. The Mantra is: ‘Do or Die’. We shall either free India or die in the attempt.”
Massive agitations resulted in the arrest of Congress leaders & more than 60,000 people. Despite this, from school children to old people, all participated. A school boy named Shirishkumar was brutally fired by the police.
Indian National Army:
The words from Subhash Chandra Bose – ‘Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga’ (Give me your blood, I will give you freedom) were strong enough to fill the energy in the atmosphere. The powerful magnetism of Freedom struggle motivated the Indian soldiers in Navy and Air force. They also decided to have their nation independent and hence went on strike. Soon British realized that their time was going to end.
India as an INDEPENDENT NATION (1947):
At midnight hour on 14th August, 1947 i.e on the beginning of the bright day of 15th August 1947, the Flag Hoisting ceremony at Red Fort was celebrated by millions of aspiring Indians along with the sacred souls of martyred freedom fighters. ‘Jana Gana Mana’ written by Rabindranath Tagore was declared the National Anthem of Independent India.
This motherland has seen many Sacrifices, Revolutions, Patriotism, Unity and Faith.
We Salute the Real Heroes of India, the True Fighters who created a Dream, had the passion to aspire it, the ones who taught us that big things take time to happen but they are worth, and you can achieve it once you have faith and unity. The living legends who were, are and always will be encouraging to every Indian and make them feel proud!
It’s been a long time and we’re trying our best to make India a developed country. There are certain obstacles of corruption, discrimination and superstition, so let’s take a vow to battle these and make Independent India a ‘Developed Independent India’. So what are you waiting for? Get up and create the magic again!
What is Brexit?
Brexit is literally British Exit (from the EU – European Union) and is favored by the majority of the voters in the UK. British and European leaders shall negotiate the terms of Britain’s departure based on the result of the Referendum deal held on June 23.
About European Union :
After world war 2, a movement was created for the alliance of 28 European countries including UK in 1993. EU operates single market and allows free movement of goods, services and people between the member states.
Why Britain departed from EU :
In 2008, a financial crisis occurred, resulting a recession in Europe. As a result, unemployment rose and tax revenue fell. Banks needed bailouts. The financial crisis of EU were uneasy for the wealthy nations like UK. Also, the employment opportunities in Britain got the attention of other European nations, and they started migrating to England. This was also the major fact that made the British voters to leave the European Union.
Votes that decided whether to remain or to leave
The vote for leaving – 51.9% (17,410,742)
The vote for staying – 48.1% (16,141,241)
More than 30 million people have voted.
What Article 50 claims :
According to Art-50 of the European Union treaty, the state should be notified and obliged to try to negotiate a withdrawal agreement. However, the Brexit doesn’t represent this notification. It could take place within days. Hence, the vote is not legally binding and still can be theoretically blocked.
Consequences of this step :
1- The departure resulted in the resignation by the British PM David Cameron as he had not wished the country to exit from the EU.
2- The possibilities are that the next PM could be Boris Johnson, a member of Cameron’s conservative party & formal London Mayor.
3- The products, services and people of British could be in danger, losing it’s easy entry into other European countries.
4- About 1.2 million British people currently live in other EU countries. Immigration would be more complex issue resulted by the Brexit.
Impact on Indian Economy :
Sources are that there won’t be much chaos between India and UK in terms of trade and business, but the outsourced factories & offices in India might be recalled to Britain to create job opportunities. Since India is the largest investor of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in UK, it is obvious that UK will have to keep lesser regulation to India for the growth of their economy. However, Indian companies would be dealing with two sets of laws – European Union and Britain.
After providing some non-stop cricketing entertainment for last two months, the 9th edition of Indian Premier League has come to its end with one of the underrated teams – SunRisers Hyderabad, led by a valiant David Warner, clinching the trophy yesterday midnight.
Let’s have a glimpse on the I.P.L. Season 9 Combined XI based on the best performances in all forms (Batting, Bowling, Fielding, Wicket-keeping, Captaincy) as displayed throughout the tournament:-
While Virat Kohli had been continuing his form of life into IPL as the Royal Challengers Bangalore Opening Batsman-cum-Skipper, David Warner surprised everyone as the captain of the champion team SunRisers Hyderabad, as throughout the season, he pulled his team scorecard through tremendous destructive consistent batting as an opener! The South African class batsman AB de Villiers chased the higher scores with sky-touching strike rate for the RCB. His 129 not out against the Gujarat Lions was the highest individual score this season.
Coming to the middle order, it’s the debutant elder brother of World T20 heartthrob Hardik Pandya – Krunal Pandya, who stole all the praises with his demolishing batting and part-time off-spin for the Mumbai Indians. Dwayne Smith – the Gujarat Lions opener who was pushed to no. 5 in the batting order during the later stage of the tournament, scored many runs at a huge strike rate, as well as, bowled some useful overs, even taking a 4/8 against Kolkata Knight Riders on a green Kanpur pitch! Naman Ojha of Sunrisers Hyderabad led the catching tally, and he had grabbed some spectacular unbelievable catches too. Andre Russell had been an inseparable part of the Kolkata Knight Riders squad, because be it death bowling or be it high required run rate, Russell solved numerous problems for KKR under massive pressure until he got injured.
Among the spinners, Yuzvendra Chahal of Royal Challengers Bangalore bowled good and is rewarded the opportunity to represent the national team soon in Zimbabwe. Dhawal Kulkarni showed his consistency over different surfaces all over India, taking 18 wickets for his team at a decent economy rate. The pacers squad for this IPL invented one and reinvented another as the best duo, that too from the champion team – Bhuvneshwar Kumar (the Purple Cap holder) and Mustafizur Rahman (Best Emerging Player of this season). Bhuvi too played one cameo innings of 21 off 7 balls which helped SRH clinch an important victory. Mustafizur had troubled some good batsmen with his controlled bowling, off-cutters and yorkers and took 17 wickets maintaining an economy of just 6.90.
Though they don’t feature in the best XI, Gautam Gambhir, Rohit Sharma, Ajinkya Rahane, Murali Vijay, Lokesh Rahul, Shane Watson, Mitchell McClenaghan, Adam Zampa and Chris Morris had a good IPL this year.
We are Indians, unique & united;
Whatever you do, we’ll never get divided,
Whether it’s East-West or it’s North-South;
Everyone comes & stays like it’s a house.
Regions are different but nation is one;
Together we live and shine like the Sun,
Religion and Caste though break us apart;
Integrity always stays in our hearts.
Culture, language, values and norms;
All are unique in structures and forms,
Together we swim and together we sink;
With virtues and vices we accept everything.
We all have that uniqueness;
We all have that unity,
Feeling proud we thank to God;
For blessing us such prosperity!